Tooth-colored fillings are the most lifelike material used to fill cavities. Composite fillings can be done in one visit. Once the decay is removed from the tooth, it is filled with this composite material and left to harden immediately afterwards.
Pediatric Crowns (Stainless Steel or White Crowns)
Stainless steel or white zirconium crowns are sometimes recommended for children following a baby root canal or if a back baby tooth suffers from severe trauma or cavities. Because most baby molars do not fall out until the ages of 11-14, these crowns are recommended when traditional fillings are insufficient to protect the tooth from further damage until it falls out on its own. The differences between stainless steel and white crowns are mostly color preference. The pros and cons of each type of crown will be discussed with you to help you make a good decision for your child. We welcome you to call us for your Pediatric Crowns in Phoenix Arizona.
Baby Root Canals (aka Pulpotomy or Pulpectomy)
Root canals involve treating decay within the inside of the tooth. If the inside of the tooth, known as the dental pulp, is damaged it will gradually decay if left within the tooth. The process involves removing the pulp, cleaning out the root canals, and packing the canals with material that will help restore the tooth until it is time for it to exfoliate (or fall out on its own naturally).
A dental extraction is the removal of extremely decayed or broken teeth. To perform an extraction, the area is anesthetized to minimize discomfort and the tooth is then rocked back and forth until it is removed from its socket.
Extractions are commonly performed on pediatric patients to address tooth decay or orthodontic problems. Simple extractions are relatively easy to perform and can be done within the comfort of Dr. Garrett’s office. If the dentist feels that the extraction is more complex, your child may be referred to an oral surgeon.
To help make the procedure as comfortable as possible for your child, we recommend the inhalation of nitrous oxide (laughing gas) and a local anesthetic. In most cases, your child will not require stitches following the procedure. Pay close attention to your child to ensure that he or she doesn’t bite the lip or the tongue while these areas are numbed by the anesthetic. If the child is bleeding excessively at home after the procedure, have him or her bite down hard on a piece of cotton gauze for 30 minutes. You can also try a wet tea bag. Your child should bite on it gently to avoid bursting the bag. The tannic acid in the tea will stop the bleeding within 15 minutes. Don’t allow your child to put fingers in the mouth after the treatment.
As soon as the child’s mouth is no longer numb, he or she may begin eating soft foods. Be sure to avoid acidic foods such as spaghetti sauce and lemonade. Straws are not permitted for the first 48 hours following an extraction. Tooth brushing should be done as usual with special care taken around the extraction site.
Make sure that your child avoids strenuous activity following the extraction, as this can increase or prolong bleeding. Twenty-four hours after the extraction, begin rinses with a salt-water solution. You can make your own salt water by combining one teaspoon of salt in eight ounces of warm water. Give your child Tylenol or Motrin to keep the pain under control. If at any time you have concerns about bleeding or pain, please contact us immediately.